Antonelli1994localized


※上記の広告は60日以上更新のないWIKIに表示されています。更新することで広告が下部へ移動します。

tags


url


auther


bibtex

en

@article{Antonelli1994localized,
 title={Localized technological change and the evolution of standards as economic institutions},
 author={Antonelli, C.},
 journal={Information Economics and Policy},
 volume={6},
 number={3-4},
 pages={195--216},
 year={1994},
 publisher={Elsevier}
}

format for references


abstract



memo

Chap2

A first distinction stresses the difference between product standards, document standards and compatibility standards: the former concern products, the second refer to information codes, the latter refer to processes (FarrellSaloner1986competition Besen1990european .


@article{FarrellSaloner1986competition,
 title={Competition, Compatibility and Standards: The Economics of Horses, Penguins and Lemmings},
 author={Farrell, J. and Saloner, G.},
 journal={Economics Working Papers},
 year={1986},
 publisher={University of California at Berkeley}
}

@article{Besen1990european,
 title={The European Telecommunications Standards Institute:: A preliminary analysis},
 author={Besen, S.M.},
 journal={Telecommunications policy},
 volume={14},
 number={6},
 pages={521--530},
 year={1990},
 publisher={Elsevier}
}

  1. mandatory standards are mandated by public authorities
  2. voluntary standards everge in the market process.
  3. De facto standards emerge ex-post in the market process as the result of the interaction of agents and can be eitherunsponsored or sponsored standards according to the role of sponsoring entities.
  4. De jure standards are elaborated ex-ante either by committees and agreements or mandated by standard setting authorities

David, P. A. (1987). Some new standards for the economics of standardization in the information age. Economic policy and technological performance, 206-239.
"new standards for the economics of standardization" - Google Scholar
@incollection{David1987some,
 title={Some new standards for the economics of standardization in the information age},
 author={David, Paul A},
 booktitle={Economic policy and technological performance},
 editor={Dasgupta, Partha and Stoneman, Paul},
 pages={206--239},
 year={1987},
 publisher={Cambridge University Press Cambridge}
}

Elaborating upon the large literature, standards can be defined as institutions and more specifically non-pure private goods that: (a) are vectors of technical, commercial and procedural information; (b) emerge in the process of selection and diffusion of technological and organizational changes as the result of the interactive cooperative behaviour of learning agents within clubs; (c) change the extent and context of the market and shape the competition process; and (d) affect radically the division of labour and the organizational setup of firms.
This definition has many implications. It concerns: (1) the role of information costs; (2) the scope of economic action of agents; (3) the notion of non-pure private and quasi-public goods; (4) the effects of standards on transaction costs; (5) the effects of standards on demand; (6) the effects of standards on market structure and competition; (7) the relationship betweenstandardization and regulation; (8) the role of standards as carriers of knowledge and externalities; and (9) the interplay between standards and technological change.


cited as